The project of a secure quantum Internet was presented in the USA
In November 2018, US President Donald Trump signed into law the National Quantum Initiative. In February 2020, representatives of 17 national laboratories discussed the key points of the plan to create an Internet network based on the principles of quantum physics.
The first results of the development of the project appeared on 23 July. A quantum Internet project was presented at the event at the University of Chicago. According to the plan, in about a year, scientists should connect a laboratory at the University of Chicago and the Fermi National Laboratory in Batavia with a quantum communication line.
At the presentation, officials from the Department of Energy (DOE) published a report that disclosed the strategy for developing a national quantum Internet that uses the laws of quantum mechanics to transfer information more securely than in existing networks.
The agency is collaborating with universities and industry researchers to develop an initiative to create a prototype over a decade.
In February, scientists from the Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Chicago created an 83-kilometer “quantum loop” outside Chicago, thus creating one of the longest ground-based quantum grids in the country.
The goal is to create a parallel, more secure network based on quantum entanglement or transmission of subatomic particles. Quantum entanglement is a quantum mechanical phenomenon in which the quantum states of two or more objects are interdependent.
The department said that among the first users of the quantum Internet there could be banking and medical services, as well as applications for national security and aviation communications will be created.
Paul Dabbar, undersecretary for energy science, says the quantum grid is by definition safe because of the laws of physics. David Avshalom, a physicist at the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory, in his turn clarified that transmitters for the Quantum Internet are still at an early stage of development, but they look very promising.